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ufraw_exiv2.cc

/*
 * UFRaw - Unidentified Flying Raw converter for digital camera images
 *
 * ufraw_exiv2.cc - read the EXIF data from the RAW file using exiv2.
 * Copyright 2004-2011 by Udi Fuchs
 *
 * Based on a sample program from exiv2 and neftags2jpg.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 */

#include "ufraw.h"

#ifdef HAVE_EXIV2
#include <exiv2/image.hpp>
#include <exiv2/easyaccess.hpp>
#include <exiv2/exif.hpp>
#include <sstream>
#include <cassert>

/*
 * Helper function to copy a string to a buffer, converting it from
 * current locale (in which exiv2 often returns strings) to UTF-8.
 */
static void uf_strlcpy_to_utf8(char *dest, size_t dest_max,
                               Exiv2::ExifData::const_iterator pos, Exiv2::ExifData& exifData)
{
    std::string str = pos->print(&exifData);

    char *s = g_locale_to_utf8(str.c_str(), str.length(),
                               NULL, NULL, NULL);
    if (s != NULL) {
        g_strlcpy(dest, s, dest_max);
        g_free(s);
    } else {
        g_strlcpy(dest, str.c_str(), dest_max);
    }
}

extern "C" int ufraw_exif_read_input(ufraw_data *uf)
{
    /* Redirect exiv2 errors to a string buffer */
    std::ostringstream stderror;
    std::streambuf *savecerr = std::cerr.rdbuf();
    std::cerr.rdbuf(stderror.rdbuf());

    try {
        uf->inputExifBuf = NULL;
        uf->inputExifBufLen = 0;

        Exiv2::Image::AutoPtr image;
        if (uf->unzippedBuf != NULL) {
            image = Exiv2::ImageFactory::open(
                        (const Exiv2::byte*)uf->unzippedBuf, uf->unzippedBufLen);
        } else {
            char *filename = uf_win32_locale_filename_from_utf8(uf->filename);
            image = Exiv2::ImageFactory::open(filename);
            uf_win32_locale_filename_free(filename);
        }
        assert(image.get() != 0);
        image->readMetadata();

        Exiv2::ExifData &exifData = image->exifData();
        if (exifData.empty()) {
            std::string error(uf->filename);
            error += ": No Exif data found in the file";
            throw Exiv2::Error(1, error);
        }

        /* List of tag names taken from exiv2's printSummary() in actions.cpp */
        Exiv2::ExifData::const_iterator pos;
        /* Read shutter time */
        if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Photo.ExposureTime")))
                != exifData.end()) {
            uf_strlcpy_to_utf8(uf->conf->shutterText, max_name, pos, exifData);
            uf->conf->shutter = pos->toFloat();
        } else if ((pos = exifData.findKey(
                              Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Photo.ShutterSpeedValue")))
                   != exifData.end()) {
            uf_strlcpy_to_utf8(uf->conf->shutterText, max_name, pos, exifData);
            uf->conf->shutter = 1.0 / pos->toFloat();
        }
        /* Read aperture */
        if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Photo.FNumber")))
                != exifData.end()) {
            uf_strlcpy_to_utf8(uf->conf->apertureText, max_name, pos, exifData);
            uf->conf->aperture = pos->toFloat();
        } else if ((pos = exifData.findKey(
                              Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Photo.ApertureValue")))
                   != exifData.end()) {
            uf_strlcpy_to_utf8(uf->conf->apertureText, max_name, pos, exifData);
            uf->conf->aperture = pos->toFloat();
        }
        /* Read ISO speed */
        if ((pos = Exiv2::isoSpeed(exifData)) != exifData.end()) {
            uf_strlcpy_to_utf8(uf->conf->isoText, max_name, pos, exifData);
        }
        /* Read focal length */
        if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Photo.FocalLength")))
                != exifData.end()) {
            uf_strlcpy_to_utf8(uf->conf->focalLenText, max_name, pos, exifData);
            uf->conf->focal_len = pos->toFloat();
        } else if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey(
                                               "Exif.Canon.FocalLength"))) != exifData.end()) {
            uf_strlcpy_to_utf8(uf->conf->focalLenText, max_name, pos, exifData);
            uf->conf->focal_len = pos->toFloat();
        }
        /* Read focal length in 35mm equivalent */
        if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey(
                                        "Exif.Photo.FocalLengthIn35mmFilm")))
                != exifData.end()) {
            uf_strlcpy_to_utf8(uf->conf->focalLen35Text, max_name, pos, exifData);
        }
        /* Read full lens name */
        if ((pos = Exiv2::lensName(exifData)) != exifData.end()) {
            uf_strlcpy_to_utf8(uf->conf->lensText, max_name, pos, exifData);
        }
        /* Read flash mode */
        if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Photo.Flash")))
                != exifData.end()) {
            uf_strlcpy_to_utf8(uf->conf->flashText, max_name, pos, exifData);
        }
        /* Read White Balance Setting */
        if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Photo.WhiteBalance")))
                != exifData.end()) {
            uf_strlcpy_to_utf8(uf->conf->whiteBalanceText, max_name, pos, exifData);
        }

        if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.Make")))
                != exifData.end()) {
            uf_strlcpy_to_utf8(uf->conf->real_make, max_name, pos, exifData);
        }
        if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.Model")))
                != exifData.end()) {
            uf_strlcpy_to_utf8(uf->conf->real_model, max_name, pos, exifData);
        }

        /* Store all EXIF data read in. */
        Exiv2::Blob blob;
        Exiv2::ExifParser::encode(blob, Exiv2::bigEndian, exifData);
        uf->inputExifBufLen = blob.size();
        uf->inputExifBuf = g_new(unsigned char, uf->inputExifBufLen);
        memcpy(uf->inputExifBuf, &blob[0], blob.size());
        ufraw_message(UFRAW_SET_LOG, "EXIF data read using exiv2, buflen %d\n",
                      uf->inputExifBufLen);
        g_strlcpy(uf->conf->exifSource, EXV_PACKAGE_STRING, max_name);

        std::cerr.rdbuf(savecerr);
        ufraw_message(UFRAW_SET_LOG, "%s\n", stderror.str().c_str());

        return UFRAW_SUCCESS;
    } catch (Exiv2::AnyError& e) {
        std::cerr.rdbuf(savecerr);
        std::string s(e.what());
        ufraw_message(UFRAW_SET_WARNING, "%s\n", s.c_str());
        return UFRAW_ERROR;
    }

}

static Exiv2::ExifData ufraw_prepare_exifdata(ufraw_data *uf)
{
    Exiv2::ExifData exifData = Exiv2::ExifData();

    /* Start from the input EXIF data */
    Exiv2::ExifParser::decode(exifData, uf->inputExifBuf, uf->inputExifBufLen);
    Exiv2::ExifData::iterator pos;
    if (uf->conf->rotate) {
        /* Reset orientation tag since UFRaw already rotates the image */
        if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.Orientation")))
                != exifData.end()) {
            ufraw_message(UFRAW_SET_LOG, "Resetting %s from '%d' to '1'\n",
                          pos->key().c_str(), pos->value().toLong());
            pos->setValue("1"); /* 1 = Normal orientation */
        }
    }

    /* Delete original TIFF data, which is irrelevant*/
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.ImageWidth")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.ImageLength")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.BitsPerSample")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.Compression")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.PhotometricInterpretation")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.FillOrder")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.SamplesPerPixel")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.StripOffsets")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.RowsPerStrip")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.StripByteCounts")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.XResolution")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.YResolution")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.PlanarConfiguration")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.ResolutionUnit")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);

    /* Delete various MakerNote fields only applicable to the raw file */

    // Nikon thumbnail data
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Nikon3.Preview")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.NikonPreview.JPEGInterchangeFormat")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);

    // DNG private data
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Image.DNGPrivateData")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);

    // Pentax thumbnail data
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Pentax.PreviewResolution")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Pentax.PreviewLength")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Pentax.PreviewOffset")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);

    // Minolta thumbnail data
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Minolta.Thumbnail")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Minolta.ThumbnailOffset")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Minolta.ThumbnailLength")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);

    // Olympus thumbnail data
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Olympus.Thumbnail")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Olympus.ThumbnailOffset")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);
    if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Olympus.ThumbnailLength")))
            != exifData.end())
        exifData.erase(pos);

    /* Write appropriate color space tag if using sRGB output */
    if (!strcmp(uf->developer->profileFile[out_profile], ""))
        exifData["Exif.Photo.ColorSpace"] = uint16_t(1); /* sRGB */

    /* Add "UFRaw" and version used to output file as processing software. */
    exifData["Exif.Image.ProcessingSoftware"] = "UFRaw " VERSION;

    return exifData;
}

extern "C" int ufraw_exif_prepare_output(ufraw_data *uf)
{
    /* Redirect exiv2 errors to a string buffer */
    std::ostringstream stderror;
    std::streambuf *savecerr = std::cerr.rdbuf();
    std::cerr.rdbuf(stderror.rdbuf());
    try {
        uf->outputExifBuf = NULL;
        uf->outputExifBufLen = 0;

        Exiv2::ExifData exifData = ufraw_prepare_exifdata(uf);

        int size;
        Exiv2::Blob blob;
        Exiv2::ExifParser::encode(blob, Exiv2::bigEndian, exifData);
        size = blob.size();
        const unsigned char ExifHeader[] = {0x45, 0x78, 0x69, 0x66, 0x00, 0x00};
        /* If buffer too big for JPEG, try deleting some stuff. */
        if (size + sizeof(ExifHeader) > 65533) {
            Exiv2::ExifData::iterator pos;
            if ((pos = exifData.findKey(Exiv2::ExifKey("Exif.Photo.MakerNote")))
                    != exifData.end()) {
                exifData.erase(pos);
                ufraw_message(UFRAW_SET_LOG,
                              "buflen %d too big, erasing Exif.Photo.MakerNote\n",
                              size + sizeof(ExifHeader));
                Exiv2::ExifParser::encode(blob, Exiv2::bigEndian, exifData);
                size = blob.size();
            }
        }
        if (size + sizeof(ExifHeader) > 65533) {
            Exiv2::ExifThumb thumb(exifData);
            thumb.erase();
            ufraw_message(UFRAW_SET_LOG,
                          "buflen %d too big, erasing Thumbnail\n",
                          size + sizeof(ExifHeader));
            Exiv2::ExifParser::encode(blob, Exiv2::bigEndian, exifData);
            size = blob.size();
        }
        uf->outputExifBufLen = size + sizeof(ExifHeader);
        uf->outputExifBuf = g_new(unsigned char, uf->outputExifBufLen);
        memcpy(uf->outputExifBuf, ExifHeader, sizeof(ExifHeader));
        memcpy(uf->outputExifBuf + sizeof(ExifHeader), &blob[0], blob.size());
        std::cerr.rdbuf(savecerr);
        ufraw_message(UFRAW_SET_LOG, "%s\n", stderror.str().c_str());

        return UFRAW_SUCCESS;
    } catch (Exiv2::AnyError& e) {
        std::cerr.rdbuf(savecerr);
        std::string s(e.what());
        ufraw_message(UFRAW_SET_WARNING, "%s\n", s.c_str());
        return UFRAW_ERROR;
    }

}

extern "C" int ufraw_exif_write(ufraw_data *uf)
{
    /* Redirect exiv2 errors to a string buffer */
    std::ostringstream stderror;
    std::streambuf *savecerr = std::cerr.rdbuf();
    std::cerr.rdbuf(stderror.rdbuf());
    try {
        Exiv2::ExifData rawExifData = ufraw_prepare_exifdata(uf);

        char *filename =
            uf_win32_locale_filename_from_utf8(uf->conf->outputFilename);
        Exiv2::Image::AutoPtr image = Exiv2::ImageFactory::open(filename);
        uf_win32_locale_filename_free(filename);
        assert(image.get() != 0);

        image->readMetadata();
        Exiv2::ExifData &outExifData = image->exifData();

        Exiv2::ExifData::iterator pos = rawExifData.begin();
        while (!rawExifData.empty()) {
            outExifData.add(*pos);
            pos = rawExifData.erase(pos);
        }
        outExifData.sortByTag();
        image->setExifData(outExifData);
        image->writeMetadata();

        std::cerr.rdbuf(savecerr);
        ufraw_message(UFRAW_SET_LOG, "%s\n", stderror.str().c_str());

        return UFRAW_SUCCESS;
    } catch (Exiv2::AnyError& e) {
        std::cerr.rdbuf(savecerr);
        std::string s(e.what());
        ufraw_message(UFRAW_SET_WARNING, "%s\n", s.c_str());
        return UFRAW_ERROR;
    }
}

#else
extern "C" int ufraw_exif_read_input(ufraw_data *uf)
{
    (void)uf;
    ufraw_message(UFRAW_SET_LOG, "ufraw built without EXIF support\n");
    return UFRAW_ERROR;
}

extern "C" int ufraw_exif_prepare_output(ufraw_data *uf)
{
    (void)uf;
    return UFRAW_ERROR;
}

extern "C" int ufraw_exif_write(ufraw_data *uf)
{
    (void)uf;
    return UFRAW_ERROR;
}
#endif /* HAVE_EXIV2 */

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